Philistine

Phil·is·tine (fĭl’ĭ-stēn′, fĭ-lĭs’tĭn, -tēn′)
n. 1) A member of a people, perhaps of Aegean origin, who settled ancient Philistia around the 12th century BC. 2) often philistine A person who is smugly indifferent or hostile to art and culture.
adj. 1) Of or relating to ancient Philistia. 2) often philistine Relating to or having the attitudes of a philistine: »

"our plastic, violent culture, with its philistine tastes and hunger for novelty"

(Lloyd Rose).
[From Middle English Philistines, Philistines, from Late Latin Philistīnī, from Greek Philistīnoi, from Hebrew Pəlištîm, from Pəlešet, Philistia.]
Word History: The ultimate origin of the Philistines, the inhabitants of the ancient city-states of Philistia (located in what is now the Gaza Strip and the southern Mediterranean coast of Israel), is not known, although some archaeological evidence links them with ancient peoples of the Aegean region and Anatolia. The English name of this people, the Philistines, ultimately comes from Hebrew Pəlištîm, which is in turn derived from Pəlešet, the Hebrew name for Philistia. In fact, the word Palestine, the more recent historical designation for the entire region between Lebanon and Egypt, also derives from the ancient name of Philistia. Strategically located on a trade route from Egypt to Syria, the cities of Philistia formed a loose confederacy important in biblical times, and the Bible depicts the Philistines as engaged in a struggle with the tribes of Israel for ascendancy in the region. The mighty Israelite warrior Samson, for example, fought with the Philistines on several occasions and was betrayed by his Philistine lover, Delilah. During the 1600s, as a result of the negative depiction of the Philistines in the Bible, the word philistine came to be applied figuratively to anyone considered an enemy. However, the modern sense of the word, "uncultured person," stems from the slang of German university students in the 1600s. Students used Philister, the German equivalent of the English word Philistine, to refer to nonstudents and hence uncultured or materialistic people. At a memorial service in 1693 for a student killed during a town-gown quarrel in Jena, for example, a minister preached a sermon from the text "Philister über dir Simson!" ("The Philistines be upon thee, Samson!")—the words of Delilah to Samson after she attempted to render him powerless before the Philistines. The German usage was eventually picked up in English in the early 1800s.

Word Histories. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • philistine — (n.) person deficient in liberal culture, 1827, originally in Carlyle, popularized by him and Matthew Arnold, from Ger. Philister enemy of God s word, lit. Philistine, inhabitants of a Biblical land, neighbors (and enemies) of Israel (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Philistine — A Philistine (with a capital initial letter) is a member of an ancient Semitic people of Palestine. A philistine (with a small initial letter, usually) is a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture …   Modern English usage

  • Philistine — ► NOUN 1) a member of a people of ancient Palestine who came into conflict with the Israelites. 2) (philistine) a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture and the arts. DERIVATIVES philistinism noun. ORIGIN Greek Philistinos, from Hebrew …   English terms dictionary

  • Philistine — Phi*lis tine, n. [L. Philistinus, Heb. Phlishth[=i], pl. Phlishth[=i]m.] 1. A native or an inhabitant of ancient Philistia, a coast region of southern Palestine. [1913 Webster] 2. A bailiff. [Cant, Eng.] [Obs.] Swift. [1913 Webster] 3. A person… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Philistine — Phi*lis tine, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the Philistines. [1913 Webster] 2. Uncultured; commonplace. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • philistine — I noun artless person, conformist, conventionalist, nouveau riche, social climber, traditionalist II index ordinary Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Philistine — n in the Bible, a member of a race of people who lived in Palestine, and who were the enemies of the ↑Israelites …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Philistine — O.T. people of coastal Palestine, who made war on the Israelites, mid 14c., from O.Fr. Philistin, from L.L. Philistinus, from Late Gk. Philistinoi, from Heb. P lishtim, people of P lesheth ( Philistia ); Cf. Akkad. Palastu, Egyptian Palusata; the …   Etymology dictionary

  • philistine — n *obscurantist, barbarian …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Philistine — [fil′i stēn΄, fil′istīn΄; fi lis′tin, fi lis′tēn΄] n. [ME < LL(Ec) Philistinus, usually pl. Philistini < LGr (Josephus) philistinoi < Heb p lishtim; akin to PALESTINE] 1. a member of a non Semitic people that lived in Philistia and… …   English World dictionary

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